B Fruitfull

Acid Reflux causes and Treatment

Risk factors for esophageal cancer

Risk factors for esophageal cancer


[Music] CancerBro, Can you please discuss the risk
factors for both in detail? Patient with squamous cell carcinoma are usually
thin built due to the significant weight loss, and patient with adenocarcinoma are usually
obese. Smoking is a risk factor for both. Cessation of smoking reduces the risk for
squamous cell carcinoma but not for adenocarcinoma. Moreover, the chances of cancer increases
with the duration and intensity of smoking. Diet rich in red and processed meat, saturated
fats or cholesterol, increases the risk, whereas diet rich in raw fruits and vegetables, grains,
fibers or carotenoids, decrease the risk of SQUAMOUS CELL AND ADENOCARCINOMA of esophagus. Excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor
for SQUAMOUS CELL carcinoma but not for ADENOCARCINOMA, moreover, the risk increases with the duration
and intensity of drinking. Excessive consumption of hot beverages like
tea and coffee also increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus. Industrial or occupational exposure to gases
or heavy metals, also increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma. Achalasia cardia is a condition in which there
is failure of lower esophageal sphincter to relax after taking food, due to which there
is retention of food particles, leading to chronic irritation and squamous cell carcinoma. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition
in which there is a reflux of gastric contents, including gastic acid, into the esophagus,
causing changes in the epithelium leading to barret’s esophagus, and adenocarcinoma. So these were the risk factors for esophageal
carcinoma.

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