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Acid Reflux causes and Treatment

Cough Assist v1.wmv

Cough Assist v1.wmv


The Cough Assist machine helps to clear secretions from the lungs by assisting you with your breathing. When you breathe in, inspiration, the machine gives you air–positive pressure–to help expand your lungs. When you blow out, expiration, the machine creates a sucking force–negative pressure– that pulls the air out of your lungs. This rapid change in pressure during the
different phases of breathing, inspiration and expiration, helps make your cough stronger and more effective. Your respiratory therapist will help you during the start of setup by making sure that you understand the machine and are comfortable with making any changes on it. You will start out with low pressures and gradually reach the maximum amount of pressure that you can tolerate during each phase of your breathing. In the beginning, the time for each phase of breathing will be set to your comfort level by the therapist. How do I use the Cough Assist machine? Check to make sure that the inspiratory, or positive, and the expiratory, or negative, pressures are set. Store at plus 20 -20, and you will increase to maximal pressures by increments of five centimeters H2O as tolerated. Remove the face mask or mouthpiece and hold the tubing firmly against a tight surface. Set the manual auto switch to manual. Toggle the manual control switch between inhale and exhale a few times to ensure that the pressures are correct and the manometer returns to zero. First, adjust the expiratory pressure. Push the manual control lever to exhalation phase; push to the left. Observe pressure manometer and adjust using pressure knob. Turn the pressure knob clockwise to increase the pressures and counterclockwise to decrease the
pressure. To adjust the inspiratory pressure, push the manual control knob to the inhalation phase; push to the right. Observe the pressure manometer and adjust the inhale pressure knob. Turn the pressure knob clockwise to increase the pressures and counterclockwise to decrease the
pressures. Each phase of breathing should be set so
that you can get the air in and out of your lungs comfortably, and then pause to continue coughing if needed. Set the inhale time knob at one second. Set the exhale time at one second. Set the pause time knob at two seconds. Set the inhale flow knob at the squiggly arrows, or full flow. If you feel too much airflow coming from the machine when you take a breathe in, you can decrease the inhale flow from full–3 squiggly arrows–to reduced–one arrow. Performing a treatment. Turn the machine on. Set the manual auto switch to auto. The unit will then automatically cycle from the positive to negative pressure and back to zero for the pause. Reattach the mask or mouthpiece to the tubing. Remember: when using a mask, place the
bottom of the mask underneath the chin and the top of the mask on the bridge
of the nose, and place it tightly on your face or mouth so that no air leaks out. As you breathe in, the machine will help by giving a big breath of air. This breath will end at the time set on
your machine. As you breathe out, the machine will help
by sucking the air out. During this time you should perform
a cough or huff during the exhalation phase. This will help your cough be much stronger, and it will help to remove any secretions. Take a series of 4 to 6 assisted breaths continuously from the cough machine and then rest for 20 to 30 seconds. Remember to cough during the exhalation
phase to cough out any secretions that may have loosened up. Repeat the series of breaths with a
rest 4 to 6 times, or until you no longer have any
secretions to cough out. As you get used to the pressures during
inspiration and expiration, you will want to increase the pressure to the
maximum amount that you can tolerate. Once you get to the highest amount of
pressure that you can tolerate on inspiration and expiration, you will no longer have to adjust the pressure. If you need to lower the pressures at
anytime, you should notify your doctor. How do I clean and disinfect my
equipment? Daily: breathing hose and patient
interface. Wash the tubing mask or mouthpiece in
warm, clean, soapy water. Use any kind of dish soap. Rinse with hot water. Place on a towel and let air dry over night. Weekly: clean and disinfect to prevent lung infections. Disinfect with a vinegar and water solution. Soak in a solution of one part white vinegar–5 percent from the grocery story–to two parts water. For example, use one cup of vinegar to
two cups of water. Make sure your equipment is completely
covered. Soak from 30 minutes to 2 hours. Rinse with hot water. Place on a towel and let air dry overnight. Clean the outside of the unit with 70 percent isopropyl alcohol. The filter should be changed once every 3 months. However, it should be changed if soiled
with secretions or water. Things to know about the Cough Assist machine. Chest muscle soreness or pain may occur
in patients using the machine for the first time. Do not use if the patient has cardiac
instability. Use grounded outlets only. Do not block the intake filter. Do not cycle the unit continuously longer than five minutes. Do not use in water. Always check the time and pressure setting before each use. If you have questions or
concerns about your equipment, contact your equipment provider.

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