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Acid Reflux causes and Treatment

Angina Chest Pain – All About This

Angina Chest Pain – All About This

Hi! I’m robo-Suzie and today I’ll talk to
you about Angina Chest Pain. Also don’t forget to subscribe for more tips
in the future! But back to our topic. Angina or Angina pectoris translated from
Latin means chest pain. Chest discomfort in angina is often brought on by heavy exercise
or tension which increases the oxygen needs of the heart. What are the causes? By far the most common cause of angina is
arthrosclerosis of the coronary arteries. Other rare causes are damage to the exit valve
of the left ventricle and acute anemia or reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity
of the blood. Arthrosclerosis of the coronary arteries is
the silting of arteries over a period of time. It starts in the intima or inner lining as
small, flat yellow patches or streaks. These patches enlarge gradually, projecting into
the arteries where they eventually cause serious interference with or even total obstruction
of blood flow. Initially these streaks contain pure cholesterol, with time other substances
appear as well. When the silting up process is fairly advanced,
the arteries cannot accommodate the increased blood flow required when you exercise or do
any strenuous activity. The temporary shortage of oxygen rich blood causes your heart muscles
to go into an uncomfortable or painful cramp. This is the pain of angina. How does angina feel? You may experience a tight feeling, oppression
or pain in the centre of the chest behind the breastbone. This sometimes spreads into
one or both arms, the neck or jaw, through to the back (rarely in other directions) The
pain is constant or continuous while it lasts and is never sharp, stabbing or of only a
few seconds duration. It may feel to you like indigestion. The pain generally occurs only
on exertion – such as walking. You will probably find that the pain occurs every time you walk
a certain distance or at a certain speed. It is relieved by stooping or even
by slowing down, and when you start walking again you may be able to walk a good deal
further than before. This improved capacity to walk after stopping is very common and
is called ‘second’ wind angina. Some things may aggravate angina such as walking in cold,
windy weather or after a heavy meal. Emotional upset or tension or excitement might bring
pain in effect. Further damage to arteries can cause myocardial infraction or heart attack. What your doctor would be looking for? Once angina has been confirmed you will be
fully examined before treatment to reveal the condition of the heart muscle and the
valves whether there is evidence of trouble in arteries elsewhere in the body and whether
important risk factors exist such as high blood pressure and obesity. An electrocardiogram will reveal the presence
of any heart muscle damage and an exercise or TMT will confirm the diagnosis of angina
and knowing the severity of arthrosclerosis. Other factors such as high blood pressure,
diabetes and reduced function of thyroid gland should be examined thoroughly. An x-ray of
coronary arteries will help. Treatment of Angina. 1. The most crucial part of the treatment
is risk factor control- regular exercise, return to a normal active life , weight control
and stopping smoking often improve symptoms. Lowering cholesterol and high blood pressure
also helps. 2. Drugs have to play a part in treatment
either to relieve pain , increase exercise capacity or to treat risk factors such as
high blood pressure or high cholesterol and arthrosclerosis 3. Bypass Surgery. Coronary artery surgery
is aimed at by-passing the obstructions in the coronary arteries by using strips of patients
own legs veins or by grafting branches of internal mammary artery. Surgery is not advisable
unless all other forms of treatment have been tried as treatment and lifestyle changes are
far more effective leaving surgery as the last option. That’s it! Thank you.
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